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Insular Health Care Inc Makati Office Clinic
Influenza

What is Influenza?

  • Commonly known as flu
  • A highly contagious respiratory illness caused by the influenza virus. It is spread through droplets when an infected person coughs, sneezes and talks. A person may also get flu by touching objects and surfaces contaminated with the flu virus and then touching their mouth, nose or eyes.

Symptoms of flu

  • Often starts with chills followed by fever
  • Muscle or body aches
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Non-productive cough
  • Sore throat
  • Rhinitis

Treatment

Most people recover within one to two weeks without medical treatment. Supportive treatment only such as the following is needed:

  • Take medication for fever
  • Decongestants as necessary
  • Adequate rest
  • Drink plenty of fluids

Consult a doctor if symptoms worsen or persist.

Anti-viral drugs can decrease duration of fever and severity of symptoms. This is typically recommended for high-risk patients who are most likely to develop serious flu-related complications.

Disclaimer: Insular Health Care, Inc. disclaims any liability or responsibility for the consequences of any actions taken in reliance on the health advisory or safety tips. The health-related materials contained herein are not intended to establish policy, procedure or standard of care.

PREVENTION

Take the following steps to protect oneself and others:

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Stay at home when sick to prevent spread of illness to others.
  • Cover mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing.
  • Wash hands often with soap and water or if not available, use alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Avoid touching the eyes, nose or mouth.
  • Clean frequently objects and surfaces such as door knobs, keyboards and phones to help remove germs.
  • Practice other good health habits – get plenty of sleep, be physically active, manage stress, eat nutritious food and drink plenty of fluids.

 

The single best way to prevent flu is to get vaccinated each year.

Special consideration regarding egg allergy
People who have severe egg allergies should be vaccinated in a medical setting and be supervised by a health care personnel who can recognize and manage severe allergic conditions.

References:

  • https://www.cdc.gov/flu/protect/whoshouldvax.htm#flu-shot ; https://www.cdc.gov/flu/protect/habits/index.htm ;
  • http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/2003/fs211/en/
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