by Jennifer Gumba
Cardiac Arrest is the pause or stopping of normal circulation of the blood due to failure of the heart to contract effectively. When the heart abruptly or suddenly stops beating it is known as Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA).
The pausing or stopping of blood circulation prevents supply of oxygen to the body, and a lack of oxygen to the brain causes loss of consciousness which then results in abnormal or absent breathing. If left untreated for five minutes, then brain damage is likely to occur and might lead to death.
Research shows that men are more likely to have cardiac arrest than women. Persons40 and above are likely to suffer from cardiac arrest.
There are many possible causes of cardiac arrest. These might include ventricular fibrillation (uncoordinated contraction of the cardiac muscle of the ventriclesin the heart), coronary heart disease (narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries), heart attack, electrocution, drowning, choking, trauma, drug abuse, drowning, middle age or older, smoking, lack of physical exercise, obesity, diabetes or family history.
In sudden cardiac arrest, the heart stops beating, and blood is not supplied to the body. The presentation is not subtle.In fact, it can be quite dramatic. Almost immediate loss of consciousness occurs, and the affected person will not be able to be aroused. The person will fall or slump over. No pulse will be able to be palpated, and there will be no signs of breathing.
Cardio pulmonary resuscitation(CPR) is the standard of care for initial treatment of cardiac arrest. Adjunctive measures such as defibrillation, intubation and drug administration can also be applied.
In order not to experience cardiac arrest, everybody should observe these preventive measures: eating a healthy diet, exercise or workout, cessation of smoking, regulation of blood pressure, lowering of cholesterol, and losing weight. Additionally, people should manage stress, relieve depression, avoid or control diabetes and know their family’s medical history.
Lastly,don’t take the guidelines as inclusive. It can happen to anyone. In fact, be advised that the age bracket of individuals who may experience cardiac arrest is getting younger and younger every day.