Heat stroke is the most serious heat-related disorder. It occurs when the body cannot control its temperature and is unable to cool down by sweating because of dehydration.Heat stroke can lead to death or permanent disability if emergency treatment is not given.
Signs and Symptoms
- Intense thirst , dehydration
- Heavy sweating
- Cold, pale and clammy skin
- Fast, weak pulse
- Nausea or vomiting
- High body temperature (40C or more)
- Hot, red, dry skin
- Rapid heartbeat
- Unconsciousness or coma
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- Limit the amount of time spent outdoors. Schedule heavy activities for the early morning and evening hours.
- Drink plenty of water. Avoid tea, coffee, soda and alcohol.
- Wear wide-brimmed hats and long-sleeved, light-colored, loose-fitting clothing outdoors.
- Try to rest often in shady areas or if possible in an air-conditioned place. Even a few hours of air-conditioning can help your body stay cooler when you go back into the heat.
- NEVER leave anyone in a closed, parked vehicle.
- Fluids should be given only if the victim is conscious.
- Bring the victim immediately to a hospital.