Heat stroke is a medical emergency that can cause death or permanent disability. The victim must be immediately brought to the hospital after instituting first-aid measures.
- Extremely high body temperature (above 40°C)
- Red, hot and dry skin (no sweating)
- Others: Rapid, strong pulse
- Throbbing headache, dizziness, nausea, confusion
- Unconsciousness, if left untreated First-aid treatment
- The victim should be moved to a shaded area or indoors. The victim should be lying down with legs elevated.
- Cool the victim rapidly using any of the following methods: immerse the victim in a tub of cool water; place in a cool shower; spray with cool water from a garden hose; sponge with cool water; or apply ice packs to the armpits, wrists, ankles and groin; fan him/her vigorously.
- Monitor body temperature and continue cooling efforts until the body temperature drops
- Get medical assistance as soon as possible.
Tips to Prevent Heat-Related Illnesses
- Stay cool indoors. Seek shade. The most dangerous sun is between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. Drink plenty of fluids. Avoid alcoholic beverages.
- Wear cool and loose clothing, sunglasses and wide-brim hats to protect the eyes, ears, face, and the back of the neck.
- Apply sunscreen. Apply it 20-30 minutes before going outside so that the lotion is absorbed and starts working.
- Schedule outdoor activities carefully.
- Use common sense
- Do not leave children in a parked car
- Avoid hot foods and heavy meals
Disclaimer: Insular Health Care, Inc. disclaims any liability or responsibility for the consequences of any actions taken in reliance on the health advisory or safety tips. The health-related materials contained herein are not intended to establish policy, procedure or standard of care.
Reference website: cdc.gov ; doh.gov.ph