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Insular Health Care Inc Makati Office Clinic
Heat Stroke : Tips to Prevent Heat-Related Illnesses

Heat stroke is a medical emergency that can cause death or permanent disability. The victim must be immediately brought to the hospital after instituting first-aid measures.


  • Extremely high body temperature (above 40°C)
  • Red, hot and dry skin (no sweating)
  • Others: Rapid, strong pulse
  • Throbbing headache, dizziness, nausea, confusion
  • Unconsciousness, if left untreated First-aid treatment
  • The victim should be moved to a shaded area or indoors. The victim should be lying down with legs elevated.
  • Cool the victim rapidly using any of the following methods: immerse the victim in a tub of cool water; place in a cool shower; spray with cool water from a garden hose; sponge with cool water; or apply ice packs to the armpits, wrists, ankles and groin; fan him/her vigorously.
  • Monitor body temperature and continue cooling efforts until the body temperature drops
  • Get medical assistance as soon as possible.

Tips to Prevent Heat-Related Illnesses

  • Stay cool indoors. Seek shade. The most dangerous sun is between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. Drink plenty of fluids. Avoid alcoholic beverages.
  • Wear cool and loose clothing, sunglasses and wide-brim hats to protect the eyes, ears, face, and the back of the neck.
  • Apply sunscreen. Apply it 20-30 minutes before going outside so that the lotion is absorbed and starts working.
  • Schedule outdoor activities carefully.
  • Use common sense
    1. Do not leave children in a parked car
    2. Avoid hot foods and heavy meals

Disclaimer: Insular Health Care, Inc. disclaims any liability or responsibility for the consequences of any actions taken in reliance on the health advisory or safety tips. The health-related materials contained herein are not intended to establish policy, procedure or standard of care. 

Reference website: ;

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