Heart attacks are usually acute events and are mainly caused by a blockage that prevents blood from flowing to the heart. The most common reason for this is a build-up of fatty deposits on the inner walls of the blood vessels that supply the heart.
Unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, cigarette smoking, harmful use of alcohol, high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity (especially excess abdominal fat), high bad cholesterol level, stress, hereditary
Prevention: What You Can Do
- Eat a healthy diet
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Exercise regularly
- Don’t smoke
- Limit alcohol use
- Prevent or treat your medical conditions:
- Have your cholesterol checked, monitor blood pressure, manage your diabetes, take your medicines, regular follow-up consult with your doctor
Disclaimer: Insular Health Care, Inc. disclaims any liability or responsibility for the consequences of any actions taken in reliance on the health advisory or safety tips. The health-related materials contained herein are not intended to establish policy, procedure or standard of care.
Reference: www.cdc.gov ; www.who.int
The National Heart Attack Alert Program notes these major symptoms of a heart attack:
- Chest discomfort. Most heart attacks involve discomfort in the center of the chest that lasts for more than a few minutes, or goes away and comes back. The discomfort can feel like uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness, or pain.
- Discomfort in other areas of the upper body. This can include pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw, or stomach.
- Shortness of breath. This often comes along with chest discomfort. But it also can occur before chest discomfort.
- Other symptoms. These may include breaking out in a cold sweat or experiencing nausea or light–headedness.
It is important to recognize the signs of a heart attack and to act immediately to reduce the risk of death or permanent disability.