Stay safe and healthy this summer. The Department of Health (DOH) warns the public of common diseases during this season:
- Avoid the sun between 10:00am – 2:00pm.
- Use sunscreen products at least 30 minutes before actual sun exposure. Sunscreen should have at least 30 SPF (sun protection factor).
- Wear protective clothing such as wide brim hats, sunglasses and loose-fitting clothing that covers arms and legs.
- Do not stay under the sun too long. Hide in the shade or seek cool places.
- Avoid heat stroke by drinking 8-12 glasses of water a day.
COUGH AND COLDS
- Wash hands frequently
- Cover you mouth and nose when you sneeze or cough
- Stay at home when sick
DOH is monitoring suspected cases infected with the new coronavirus, characterized by respiratory symptoms and progressive respiratory difficulty. To date, World Health Organization reported 16 cases with nine deaths.
Rabies infections from dog or cat bites are potentially fatal diseases.
- Make sure dogs are vaccinated against rabies
- Initially wash wound gently with soap and water then cover wound with sterile bandage.
- Proceed to hospital or animal bite center to get tetanus shot and rabies vaccination.
SORE EYES OR CONJUNCTIVITIS
Classic symptoms can include pink or red color in the white of the eye(s), eye discharge, tearing, itchiness or scratchy and crusting of eyelids or lashes.
- To limit its spread, wash hands often with soap and water
- Avoid touching or rubbing your eyes.
- Wash any discharge from around the eyes several times a day.
- Avoid sharing articles like towels, blankets and pillowcases
- Do not use swimming pools.
- Do not swim in dirty water or unmaintained public swimming pools.
- Take a bath before and after plunging into the pool
- Keep skin clean and dry thoroughly.
- Do not walk barefoot in places such as public showers, swimming pools, locker rooms.
- Do not share towels, clothes, shoes and other personal items.
- Be cautious of street foods and food prepared for out-of-town trips as they may get contaminated or spoil easily because of the warm temperature.
- When diarrhea and/or vomiting occurs, fluid and electrolyte replacement and diet modifications is advised.
- Increase oral fluid intake. May take salted crackers, bananas, grains and other energy and micro-nutrient rich foods. Avoid dairy products, canned fruit juices, caffeinated beverages and alcohol.