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Insular Health Care Inc Makati Office Clinic
First Aid for Common Injuries

MINOR CUTS

  • Clean injury with soap and water.
  • Disinfect and apply dressing with a clean gauze pad to stop any bleeding.
  • If bleeding is severe, elevate affected part above the heart.
  • See a doctor if cuts don’t close and bleeding does not stop.

BURNS

(First Degree – redness, mild swelling, and pain)

  • Apply cool, wet compress or immerse in cool water.
  • Cover the burn with a sterile bandage or cloth.
  • Over-the-counter pain medication may be used to relieve pain and reduce inflammation.
  • First degree burns usually heal without further treatment. However, see a doctor if a large area of the body is affected, or the victim is an infant or elderly.

EYE INJURY

  • Do not rub the eye.
  • Flush the eye with large amounts of water.
  • For cuts and foreign object stuck in the eye, do not wash out the eye. Do not remove object stuck in the eye.
  • For chemical burns, immediately flush the eye with water for at least 15 minutes. Open eye as wide as possible.
  • For blows to the eye, apply a cold compress without pressure.
  • Seek immediate medical attention.

NOSEBLEED

  • Sit in upright position with head tilted slightly downwards.
  • Pinch the nose.
  • Do not pick your nose.
  • Seek consultation immediately if bleeding persists uncontrollably for more than 15 minutes and when a broken nose is suspected.

HEAT STROKE

SPRAINS and STRAINS

Sprain is an injury or tearing of a ligament that supports a joint while a strain is an injury to the muscle or tendon.

  • Apply a bag of ice intermittently to the injured area for up to 20 minutes.
  • Remember “RICE” for the first 48 hours
    • Rest
    • Ice
    • Compression – support injured part with an elastic bandage
    • Elevation – raise injured part above heart level to decrease swelling

Disclaimer: Insular Health Care, Inc. disclaims any liability or responsibility for the consequences of any actions taken in reliance on the health advisory or safety tips. The health-related materials contained herein are not intended to establish policy, procedure or standard of care.

References:www.cdc.gov; www.redcross.org;Image:http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/imagepages/17211.htm

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