- Clean injury with soap and water.
- Disinfect and apply dressing with a clean gauze pad to stop any bleeding.
- If bleeding is severe, elevate affected part above the heart.
- See a doctor if cuts don’t close and bleeding does not stop.
(First Degree – redness, mild swelling, and pain)
- Apply cool, wet compress or immerse in cool water.
- Cover the burn with a sterile bandage or cloth.
- Over-the-counter pain medication may be used to relieve pain and reduce inflammation.
- First degree burns usually heal without further treatment. However, see a doctor if a large area of the body is affected, or the victim is an infant or elderly.
- Do not rub the eye.
- Flush the eye with large amounts of water.
- For cuts and foreign object stuck in the eye, do not wash out the eye. Do not remove object stuck in the eye.
- For chemical burns, immediately flush the eye with water for at least 15 minutes. Open eye as wide as possible.
- For blows to the eye, apply a cold compress without pressure.
- Seek immediate medical attention.
- Sit in upright position with head tilted slightly downwards.
- Pinch the nose.
- Do not pick your nose.
- Seek consultation immediately if bleeding persists uncontrollably for more than 15 minutes and when a broken nose is suspected.
SPRAINS and STRAINS
Sprain is an injury or tearing of a ligament that supports a joint while a strain is an injury to the muscle or tendon.
- Apply a bag of ice intermittently to the injured area for up to 20 minutes.
- Remember “RICE” for the first 48 hours
- Compression – support injured part with an elastic bandage
- Elevation – raise injured part above heart level to decrease swelling