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Insular Health Care Inc Makati Office Clinic
Dengue

Dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) are acute viral infections caused by the bite of an Aedes aegypti mosquito infected with any one of the four dengue viruses. It can be fatal if unrecognized and not properly treated in a timely manner.


The female Aedes Aegypti is a day-biting mosquito. The highest biting intensity is about 2 hours after sunrise and several hours before sunset. It approaches from behind and bites on the ankles and elbows.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Sudden onset of fever (can be as high as 41 degree Celsius) that may last 2 to 7 days
  • Joint and muscle pain behind the eyes
  • Weakness
  • Skin rashes – maculopapular rash or red tiny spots on the skin called petechiae
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting of coffee-colored matter
  • Dark-Colored stools

Danger Signs

  • Nosebleeding when fever starts to subside
  • Restlessness
  • Persistent Vomiting
  • Rapidly decreasing platelet count

Treatment

There is NO specific medication for DHF. Antibiotics do not help. Paracetamol is recommended to bring down fever and joint pains. Do not give aspirin and ibuprofen.

Give sufficient amount of water or rehydrate a dengue suspect. Eat nutritious food and take enough rest.

Consult a doctor for fever more than 2 days.

NO VACCINE YET AGAINST DENGUE

Prevention and Control

The Department of Health (DOH) recommends the public to follow the 4-S against Dengue.

1. Search and Destroy

  • Cover water drums and pails
  • Replace water in flower vases once a week.
  • Clean gutters of leaves and debris.
  • Collect and dispose all unusable tin cans, jars, bottles and other items that can collect and hold water.

2. Self-Protection Measures

  • Wear long pants and long-sleeved shirt.
  • Use mosquito repellent every day.

3. Seek early consultation

  • Consult the doctors immediately if fever persists after 2 days of rashes appear.

4. Say Yes to Fogging when there is an impending outbreak or a hotspot.

Dengue Cases in the Philippines

  • Based on the DOH-Epidemiology Bureau, a total of 78, 808 people were afflicted with accross the country for the period January 1 to September 5, 2015
  • This is higher by 16.5 percent than the 67, 637 cases recorded during the same period last year.
  • Calabarzon accounts for 11, 894 cases, followed by Central Luzon with 11, 806, National Capital Region at 8,099; Ilocos region at 6,501 and Central Mindanao at 5,795.
  • There were 233 deaths recorded.

Disclaimer: Insular Health Care, Inc. disclaims any liability or responsibility for the consequences of any actions taken in reliance on the health advisory or safety tips. The health-related materials contained herein are not intended to establish policy, procedure or standard of care.


References:

  • http://www.doh.ph (Health Advisory on Dengue)
  • www.who.int ; www.cdc.gov
  • http://www.philstar.com/nation/2015/09/23/1502764/dengue-cases-16.5-doh
  • http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/resources/30Jan2012/aegyptifactsheet.pdf

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