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Insular Health Care Inc Makati Office Clinic
Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever

The female Aedes Aegypti, the transmitter of the disease, is a daybiting mosquito. The highest biting intensity is about 2 hours after sunrise and 2 hours before sunset.

Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is an acute infectious disease caused by a virus that is transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected mosquito. It can be fatal if unrecognized and not properly treated in a timely manner.

Symptoms of Dengue H-Fever

  • Sudden onset of fever (can be as high as 41ºC) that may last 2 to 7 days
  • Joint and muscle pain behind the eyes
  • Weakness
  • Skin rashes – maculopapular rash or red tiny spots on the skin called petechiae
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting of coffee-colored matter
  • Dark-colored stools

 

Danger Signs

  • Nosebleeding
  • Restlessness
  • Persistent vomiting
  • Rapidly decreasing platelet count

Treatment
There is NO specific medication for DHF. Antibiotics do not help. Paracetamol is recommended to bring down fever and joint pains. Avoid aspirin and ibuprofen.
Sufficient fluid intake is very important. Eat nutritious food and take enough rest.
Consult a doctor for fever more than 2 days.

NO Vaccine yet against Dengue Dengue Cases

At present, the only method of controlling or preventing dengue virus transmission is to  combat the vector mosquitoes.

Prevention and Control

  • Cover water drums and water pails at all times to prevent mosquitoes from breeding.
  • Replace water in flower vases once a week.
  • Clean all water containers once a week.
  • Scrub the sides well to remove eggs of mosquitoes sticking to the sides.
  • Clean gutters of leaves and debris so that rainwater will not collect as breeding places of  mosquitoes.
  • Old tires used as roof support should be punctured or cut to avoid accumulation of water.
  • Collect and dispose all unusable tin cans, jars, bottles and other items that can collect
  • and hold water.
  • Self-protection measures – apply insect repellant; wear long sleeved shirts

Dengue Cases
There are 46,651 cases reported from January to July 7, 2012. 13.85% higher compared to same period last year.
Most cases come from the National Capital Region (NCR) at 23.1%
Majority of cases were male (53%)
There were 294 deaths

Disclaimer: Insular Health Care, Inc. disclaims any liability or responsibility for the consequences of any actions taken in reliance on the health advisory or safety tips. The health-related materials contained herein are not intended to establish policy,
procedure or standard of care.

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