What is a Cold?
Colds are minor infections of the nose and throat caused by more than 200 different viruses. Rhinovirus is the most common cause, accounting for 10 to 40 percent of colds.
- A cold may last for about one week, but some colds last longer, especially in children, elderly people, and those in poor health.
- Colds are highly contagious. They most often spread when droplets of fluid that contain a cold virus are transferred by touch. These droplets may also be inhaled
- Adults get an average of two to four colds per year.
- Young children suffer from an average of six to eight colds per year.
Symptoms start between one and three days after a cold virus enters the body
How to Prevent a Cold?
Colds are extremely difficult to prevent entirely. The following suggestions may help:
- Avoid close contact with people who have a cold, especially during the first few days when they are most likely to spread the infection.
- Wash hands after touching someone who has a cold, after touching an object they have touched, and after blowing your nose. If a child has a cold, wash his or her toys after play
- Keep fingers away from your nose and eyes to avoid infecting yourself with cold virus particles you may have been picked up.