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Insular Health Care Inc Makati Office Clinic
Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal Cancer (CRC), also known as colon cancer is the number one gastrointestinal cancer in the Philippines according to experts. Recent data gathered by the Philippine Society of Gastroenterology shows that there are over 3,000 new cases of CRC among Filipinos annually. Of these, over 2,000 die.

CRC is highly preventable and treatable when diagnosed early. Increased awareness of the disease and screening could reduce the incidence and mortality rate of CRC.

CRC usually begins with a polyp, which are abnormal growths in the inner lining of the colon or rectum. Not all polyps are dangerous, except for the adenoma type which becomes cancerous over the years.

Risk Factors

  • Age – more than 90% of cases occur in people who are 50 years old or older.
  • A personal history of inflammatory bowel disease such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis.
  • Family history of CRC or colorectal problems.
  • Lifestyle factors that contribute to increased risk include –
    • Lack of regular physical activity
    • Diet low in fruit and vegetables
    • A low-fiber and high-fat diet
    • Overweight and obesity
    • Excessive alcohol consumption
    • Smoking

Early colon cancer is asymptomatic. When symptoms do occur, they consist of the following:

  • Change in bowel habits (such as from diarrhea or constipation to regular bowel movement or the other way around, change in frequency from everyday to rare or vice versa)
  • Rectal bleeding or blood in the stool
  • Persistent abdominal pain or cramps
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Anemia


  • Eat less red meat and cut out processed meat.
  • Eat fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
  • Be physically active for at least 30 minutes, at least 5 days a week.
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Don’t smoke or quit smoking.
  • Limit alcohol consumption.
  • Individuals with symptoms or risk factors should seek consultation with a doctor for proper evaluation and advice on screening options

Surgery is the most effective method of treatment,
sometimes combined with chemotherapy, radiation or both.























Disclaimer: Insular Health Care, Inc. disclaims any liability or responsibility for the consequences of any actions taken in reliance on the health advisory or safety tips. The health-related materials contained herein are not intended to establish policy, procedure or standard of care.


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