Chickenpox is a highly contagious and common viral infection among children.
Mode of Transmission
Chickenpox spreads in the air through droplets that come out of the nose and mouth when an infected person coughs or sneezes. It can also spread by touching the virus particles that come from the chickenpox blisters.
Signs and Symptoms
- Appearance of reddish skin lesions, which later become blister (vesicles) on the third to the fourth day of fever.
- Muscle and joint pains
- Sudden onset of fever
It normally takes 14 days for the symptoms of chickenpox to show after a person comes into contact with the virus.
Chickenpox rashes will disappear within 1-2 weeks. Treatment is geared towards symptom relief.
- Symptomatic treatment includes giving antipyretics for fever, anti-pruritic medicines to prevent scratching, and local wound care to prevent secondary skin infections.
- Give sponge bath or continuous cold compress on the head for fever.
- Warm shower or warm sponge bath daily is advisable. Do not rub the lesions.
- Give plenty of fruit juices and water to patient during waking hours.
Prevention and Contol
- Avoid crowded areas during epidemics.
- Isolate the patient in a room, if possible, to prevent the spread of the disease to other members of the family.
- A vaccine is available as precautionary measure and as per doctor’s advice.
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