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Insular Health Care Inc Makati Office Clinic
Be careful with the “WILD diseases”!

Be careful with the “WILD diseases”!

WATER AND FOOD-BORNE DISEASES
(Cholera, Diarrhea, Hepatitis A, Typhoid fever)

Prevention and Control

  • Drink only safe and clean water. If unsure, boil drinking water until 3 or more minutes after it reached boiling point or chlorinate your water.
  • Keep food away from insects and rats by covering it.
  • Wash and cook food properly. Eat only foods that are well cooked and properly prepared. Wash fruits and vegetables with clean water before eating or cooking.
  • Thoroughly cook oysters, clams and other shellfish for 4 minutes or steam for 1 minute and 30 seconds
  • Avoid eating street and vended foods.
  • Practice safe handling and store of food and water.
  • Dispose human waste properly.
  • Use toilet properly and clean it everyday.
  • Wash hands with soap and water after using the toilet and before eating.
  • Keep surroundings clean to prevent flies and other insects and rodents from breeding.
  • For Hepatitis A, get vaccinated.

INFLUENZA

A viral infection that attacks the respiratory system.

Signs and symptoms

  • Fever of at least 38C, headache, runny nose, sore throat, cough (or other respiratory manifestations), may or may not have muscle/joint pains.

Transmission

  • Coughing, sneezing, contact with surfaces, materials and clothing contaminated with discharges of an infected person.

Prevention and Control

  • Give Influenza vaccine preferably annually
  • Cover mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing to prevent spread of the virus.
  • Wash hand frequently with soap and water.

References: Department of Health

LEPTOSPIROSIS

A bacterial infection caused by Leptospira spirochetes that is transmitted by many animals such as rats.

Signs and symptoms

  • Fever, non-specific symptoms of muscle pain, headache, calf-muscle pain, reddish eyes in some cases.

Treatment

  • Take antibiotics duly prescribed by Doctor. Early recognition and treatment within 2 days of illness prevents complications so early consultation is advised.

Prevention

  • Avoid swimming or wading in potentially contaminated water or flood water.
  • Use proper protection like boots and gloves when work requires exposure to contaminated water.

DENGUE
An acute viral infection caused by a bite of an Aedes aegypti mosquito

Signs and symptoms

  • Sudden onset of high fever which may last from 2-7 days, joint and muscle pain and pain behind the eyes, weekness, skin rashes, nose bleeding when fever starts to subside, abdominal pain.

Treatment

  • If fever or symptoms persist for 2 or more days, bring the patient to the nearest hospital.

Prevention

  • Search and Destroy
    • Cover water drums and pails, replace water in flower vases once a week, clean gutters of leaves and debris, collect and dispose tin cans, jars, bottles and other items that collect and hold water
  • Seek early consultation
    • Consult the doctor immediately if fever persists after 2 days and rashes appear.

Disclaimer: Insular Health Care, Inc. disclaims any liability or responsibility for the consequences of any actions taken in reliance on the health advisory or safety tips. The health-related materials contained herein are not intended to establish policy, procedure or standard of care.

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